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Half Hour Online Classes in Theory of Music and Classical Guitar
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Music Terms And Signs – Grade 1- ABRSM – Trinity Guild Hall

Music Terms And Signs for Theory Grade 1

Optional: Take the online course under the guidance of qualified online tutors.

Let our tutors help you pass the examination with excellent results. See how to get started with our online Theory of Music Grade 1 Certificate Course. Suitability: Unisa, Trinity Guild Hall, ABRSM (Associated Board of the Royal Schools of Music). Watch a sample video on how our certificate courses work. 

OR

Theory Revision Classes are for those learners who have completed the Grade 1 course with a local teacher and need revision classes to achieve a distinction.

With our revision courses, there is no need to buy the Online Course. Rather buy your revision classes in single or consecutive lessons. See pricing here >>> LINK.  [Online classes are offered in half hour segments]

 

Grade 1 Theory of Music Sylabus

1 Note values of semibreve, minim, crotchet, quaver and semiquaver, and their equivalent rests (candidates may use the terms ‘whole note’, ‘half note’, etc.). Tied notes. Single-dotted notes and rests.

2 Simple time signatures of two four, three four and four four. Bar-lines and the grouping of the notes listed above within these times. Composition of a two-bar rhythm in answer to a given rhythm starting on the first beat of a bar.

3 The stave. Treble (G) and bass (F) clefs. Names of notes on the stave, including middle C in both clefs. Sharp, flat and natural signs, and their cancellation.

4 Construction of the major scale, including the position of the tones and semitones. Scales and key signatures of the major keys of C, G, D and F in both clefs, with their tonic triads (root position), degrees (number only), and intervals above the tonic (by number only).

 

Grade 1 Music Terms and  Signs fo the Theory of Music Examinations.

Suitable for the ABRSM, Trinity Guild Hall, Unisa and Rock School examinations. The list below are the required terms that will be included in the Grade 1 examination paper. The signs below will be included and learners will be required to describe each music symbol /sign.

Music Terms and Signs Grade 1 – used in the Theory Examination

Download a Complete PDF document of these music terms and signs

Italian term Abbreviation English meaing
accelerando accel. gradually getting guicker – refers to tempo or speed
adagio slow
allegretto fairly quick
andante at a medium or walking speed or pace
cantabile singingly or in a singing style
crescendo cres. gradually getting louder
da capo D.C repeat from the beginning of the piece
dal segno D.S. repeat from the sign
decrescendo decres. gradually getting quieter or softer
diminuendo dim. gradually getting quieter or softer
fine the end
forte f loud
fortissimo ff very loud
legato smoothly or connectedly
lento slow
mezzo half
mezzo forte mf moderately loud / half loud
mezzo piano mp moderately soft / half quiet
moderato moderately
piano p soft or quiet
pianissimo pp very quiet
poco a little
rallentando rall. gradually getting slower
ritardando rit. gradually getting slower
ritenuto rit. held back
staccato stacc. detached
tempo tempo referes to speed e.g a tempo means in time.
8va octave

The TIE joins two notes with the same pitch. The example below demonstrates the use of the tie in a piece of music.

The Tie symbol and its use in music notation Grade 1 Theory of Music - what is required for the music examinations. Suitable for Trinity Guild Hall, ABRSM, Unisa and Rock School London, South Africa.

The Tie symbol and its use in music notation Grade 1 Theory of Music

How the Slur is written in music notation

The slur connects the sounds or pitches of two different notes and requests that the performer plays them smoothly or connectedly.

The Slur symbol used in music notation. Grade 1 Theory of Music

The Slur symbol used in music notation. Grade 1 Theory of Music

Fermata – pause – hold the note. The last note at the end of the piece has the pause sign over it. The pause sign may appear over or under a note head.

The Pause symbol used in music notation Grade 1 Theory of Music

The Pause symbol used in music notation Grade 1 Theory of Music

How to use the repeat signs in music notation.

The second repeat sign in the example tells the performer to repeat the piece of music from the first repeat sign. This will often be followed ‘first ending’ and ‘second ending’ of a part.

Repeat signs used in theory of music - Grade 1

Repeat signs used in theory of music – Grade 1

The use of Staccato Symbols in Music Notation.

Staccato dots may be places above or below the note head.

Staccato dots used in music notation - Grade 1

Staccato dots used in music notation – Grade 1

Metronome markings or Metronome Indications.

The example below prescribes a tempo of: sixty crochet beats per minute.

Metronome indications in music notation.

Metronome indications in music notation.

Crescendo, Decrescendo and Diminuendo and  their usage in Music Notation.

Crescendo, decrescendo and diminuendo and their abbreviations.

Crescendo, decrescendo and diminuendo and their abbreviations.

How the accent sign is written in music notation. The accent symbol is placed over the note head or below it. The accent symbol means that the performer will play the note louder and ensure that it is more pronounced than the other notes without the accent symbol.

The use of accent in music notation.

The use of accent in music notation.

The octave symbol, 8va. When placed above the staff, the performer will play the indicated part an octave higher than written.

The use of 8va - octave symbol in music notation.

The use of 8va – octave symbol in music notation.

The octave symbol, 8vb, 8va, or just 8 under the staff requires that the piec is played one octavel lower than written.

The use of the accent sumbol in music notation.

The use of the accent sumbol in music notation.

 

Abbreviations used in music notation:

f       – forte – loud

mf       – mezzo forte – loud

ff       – fortissimo – very  loud

p       – piano –  quiet / soft

mp       – mezzo piano – moderately soft

pp       – pianissimo – very quiet or soft

The abbreviations above will appear in the examination paper for Grade 1. Know the full Italian name and the English meaning of the abbreviation.

Download a Complete PDF document of these music terms and signs