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New from our Academy

Half Hour Online Classes in Theory of Music and Classical Guitar
Half Hour Online Classes

Music Terms and Signs – Grade 4

As in preceding grades, with the addition of:

1 All simple and compound duple, triple and quadruple time signatures, and the grouping of notes and rests within these times. The breve and its equivalent rest. Double-dotted notes and rests.
Duplets. Questions will include the composition of a four-bar rhythm or (at candidate’s choice) the composition of a rhythm to given words.

2 Alto clef (C clef centred on 3rd line). The identification of notes in the alto clef in any of the keys set for this grade (see below), and the transcription at the same pitch of a simple melody from the treble or the bass clef to the alto clef, and vice versa. Double sharp and double flat signs, and their cancellation. Enharmonic equivalents.

3 Scales and key signatures of all major and minor keys up to and including five sharps and flats, with both forms of minor scales. Technical names for the notes of the diatonic scale (tonic, supertonic, etc.). Construction of the chromatic scale. All intervals, not exceeding an octave, between any two diatonic notes in any of the keys set for this grade.

4 The identification and writing of triads (root position) on the tonic, subdominant and dominant notes in any of the keys set for this grade. The recognition of 5
3 (root position) chords on the tonic, subdominant and dominant notes in any of the keys set for this grade (the harmonic form of the scale will be used in minor keys).

5 More terms and signs, including the recognition and naming (but not writing out) of the trill, turn, upper and lower mordent, acciaccatura and appoggiatura. Questions about a passage of music will include simple related questions about standard orchestral instruments.

affettuoso tenderly
affrettando hurrying
amabile amiable, pleasant
appassionato with passion
calando getting softer, dying away
cantando singing
come as, similar to (come prima – as before,come sopra – as above)
facile easy
fuoco fire
giusto proper, exact (tempo giusto – in strict time)
l’istesso the same (l’istesso temo – the same speed)
morendo dying away
niente nothing
nobilmente nobly
perdendosi dying away
possibile possible (presto possibile – as fast as possible)
quasi as if, resembling
sonoro resonant, with rich tone
sopra above
sotto below (sotto voce – in an undertone)
veloce swift
voce voice
à to, at
animé animated, lively
assez enough, sufficient
avec with
cédez yield, relax with speed
douce sweet
en dehors prominent (a direction to make a melody stand out)
et and
légèrement light
lent slow
mais but
moins less